Poultry farming in Kenya has experienced tremendous growth in the past few years. The sector is now worth over KES 100 billion and employs over 2 million people. Despite this impressive growth, the industry is still largely informal, with only a few large-scale commercial operations.
Most small-scale farmers keep chickens for egg production, while a smaller number also keep birds for meat. In addition to chicken, other popular poultry birds in Kenya include quail, ostrich, turkey, ducks, and guinea fowl.
Poultry farming in Kenya can be an extremely lucrative business, but it requires significant start-up capital and ongoing investments to maintain a profitable operation. This guide will provide an overview and definitive guide to poultry farming in Kenya.
Types of Poultry Reared in Kenya
There are many different types of poultry farmed in Kenya. The most common are chickens, ducks, and turkeys. However, other less common types include quail, geese, and pigeons.
Each poultry type has its unique set of requirements in terms of housing, feeding, and care. For example, chickens need a warm and dry place to sleep, while ducks need access to water at all times. Turkeys require more space than other poultry birds due to their large size.
Knowing the specific needs of each type of poultry is essential for successful poultry farming. However, some general tips apply to all types of poultry:
–Poultry should be vaccinated against diseases such as Newcastle Disease and Gumboro Disease.
-Poultry should be fed a balanced diet that includes all the essential nutrients they need to grow and stay healthy.
-Poultry houses should be kept clean and free from any potential sources of disease.
Breeds of Chickens-Poultry farming in Kenya
Many different breeds of chickens are farmed in Kenya. Some of the most popular breeds include the Kari Kienyeji chicken, the Rhode Island Red chicken, and the Sussex chicken.
Each chicken breed has its own unique set of characteristics that make it well-suited for different farming purposes. For example, some chicken breeds are better at laying eggs, while others are better at meat production.
Some chicken breeds are also more resistant to certain diseases than others. This is an important consideration when choosing which breed to farm, as it can help reduce the risk of losing your entire flock to disease.
Research to find out which breed of chicken best suits your specific farming goals. Once you’ve decided on a breed, purchase your chicks from a reputable breeder to ensure that you’re getting healthy and vigorous birds.
Getting Started: Building a Poultry Farm
Are you thinking about starting a poultry farm in Kenya? If so, you’ll need to plan and prepare before getting started. Here’s a guide to help you get started on building a poultry farm in Kenya:
1. Choose a location for your farm.
Poultry farms can be located near other farms or near urban areas. Consider factors such as land availability, climate, and proximity to markets when choosing a location for your farm.
2. Obtain the necessary permits and licenses.
Before you can start construction on your farm, you’ll need to obtain the proper permits and licenses from the Kenyan government.
3. Build housing for your chickens.
Chickens must have access to clean, dry housing that protects them from the elements and predators. The type of housing you build will depend on the number of chickens you plan to keep and the space available on your farm.
4. Purchase chickens and other equipment.
Once your housing is built, you’ll need to purchase chickens and other equipment, such as feeders and waterers. Be sure to purchase healthy birds from a reputable supplier.
5. Establish a routine for caring for your chickens.
Chickens need to be fed and watered daily, and their housing needs to be cleaned regularly. Establishing a routine will help you keep your chickens healthy and prevent disease.
You can build a successful poultry farm in Kenya with proper planning and preparation.
Raising Chickens-Poultry farming in Kenya.
If you’re thinking of raising chickens in Kenya, there are a few things you need to know.
Choose the right breed of chicken.
First, you’ll need to choose the right breed of chicken for your climate and your purposes. There are many different breeds of chickens, so it’s important to research before deciding which one is right for you. Some factors to consider include the climate in Kenya, what you plan to use the chickens for (eggs or meat), and whether you want a docile or energetic chicken.
Build or buy a coop that meets your chicken’s need
Second, you’ll need to build or purchase a coop that meets your chickens’ needs. Once you’ve decided on a breed, it’s time to build or purchase a coop. Your coop should be large enough to comfortably accommodate your chickens, with enough space to move around and spread their wings. It should also have good ventilation to keep the air fresh and protect your chickens from drafts.
Get the right feeds for your chicken.
Finally, you’ll need to get the proper feed and supplies for your chickens. A good diet for chickens includes plenty of protein and calcium, so make sure their food has these essential nutrients. You’ll also need grit (small stones that help grind up food in their gizzards) and oyster shell (for calcium). Fresh water must be available at all times, so make sure their water dish is clean and filled daily.
Keeping Your Poultry Healthy
Poultry farming is a huge industry in Kenya, with chicken being the most popular meat. The Kenyan government has set up strict regulations to ensure that poultry farms are hygienic and that the chickens are healthy.
There are a few things that you, as a poultry farmer, can do to ensure that your chickens are healthy:
1. Make sure your chicken coop is clean and free of dirt or debris.
2. Keep your chickens away from sick birds. If you have sick birds on your farm, isolate them from the rest of the flock.
3. Provide your chickens with fresh water and food at all times.
4. vaccinate your chickens against common diseases such as Newcastle disease and avian influenza.
5. Monitor your flock for any signs of illness, and consult a veterinarian if you notice anything out of the ordinary.
Chicken diseases, parasites, and control
Several chicken diseases and parasites can affect your flock, so it’s important to be aware of them and take steps to prevent and control them. Some common chicken diseases include Newcastle disease, infectious bursal disease, Marek’s disease, avian influenza, and fowlpox. Parasites such as lice, mites, and ticks can also be problematic.
You can help prevent chicken diseases and parasites by:
• biosecurity measures such as keeping your flock isolated from other poultry
• good hygiene practices, such as cleaning out chicken coops regularly
• regular health checks of your birds
• vaccinating your birds against some common diseases
As you venture into poultry farming in Kenya, you should keep a few things in mind to ensure success. First, start small and expand gradually as you gain experience. Second, choose a good location for your farm that has access to clean water and plenty of space for the chickens to roam. Third, be sure to purchase healthy chicks from a reputable source. Lastly, keep your chicken coop clean and well-ventilated to prevent disease. By following these simple tips, you can be on your way to becoming a successful poultry farmer in Kenya!